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What personality type are most chefs?

ENTJ Careers

The ENTJ personality type is someone with Extroverted, Intuition, Thinking, and Judging personality traits. These people are single-minded and determined. They are action-oriented and decisive. The ENTJ personality type is relatively common among the 16 Myers-Briggs personality types. 7.2% of the population are ENTJs. ENTJs are natural leaders. They are charismatic and skilled at gathering support for their proposed plan of attack. ENTJs thrive on accomplishment and are confident there’s not much they can’t tackle if they put their mind to it. People with the ENTJ personality type are strategic thinkers. They also maintain the laser focus required to drive their vision through to completion. Articulate and inspiring, they are extremely adept at delivering what needs to be done.

The ENTJ at work
Best careers for ENTJ
You’re more than an ENTJ
Highest paying careers for ENTJ
ENTJ strengths and weaknesses
ENTJ careers to avoid
ENTJ leadership
ENTJ teamwork
ENTJ celebrities

The ENTJ at work

ENTJs have the confidence, energy, and drive needed to thrive in the workplace, regardless of career path. Their intellect and strength will make them powerhouses of productivity. They are ruthless in their efficiency and make decisions quickly and decisively. ENTJs communicate their thoughts clearly and concisely. They’re tough and adaptable in the face of challenges and tend to perform better when allowed to take the initiative. They excel in fast-paced or volatile environments where their can-do attitude feels reassuring to less dominant colleagues. They loathe mundane tasks and repetitive workstyles. The confidence and decision-making skills of ENTJs help them lead projects with great success. Their single-mindedness may result in colleagues perceiving them as insensitive, however. ENTJs aren’t coldhearted. They just have a hard time understanding how sentimental attachments can be beneficial to business. ENTJs value being viewed as competent above all things. Like all of us, ENTJ personality types have intrinsic traits influencing how they like to work and in what specific work environments. At F4S, we’ve identified 48 traits that influence motivation and energy levels. The better you understand these traits, the more able you’ll be to choose job roles, cultures, and workplace environments that will enable you to thrive. These preferences are intrinsic. But sometimes, we find ourselves stuck with a workplace or way of working that doesn’t exactly match our needs. Coaching can help you build skills and resilience when you need to perform in a work environment less suited to your preferences. Our 8-week coaching program, ‘Increase EQ’, can help ENTJs develop their emotional intelligence. This helps them become more aware of the feelings and sensitivities of others. This can support them in building the effective working relationships they sometimes need to get the job done.

Working with an ENTJ

People with the ENTJ personality type are sociable and charismatic. They will confidently volunteer to lead projects or act as a team representative. They enjoy collaboration with capable colleagues who match their intellect and drive. ENTJs can be dismissive of team members who they don’t respect. ENTJs hold themselves to extremely high standards. They are resilient when receiving well-structured and objective developmental feedback. Indeed, they view it as an opportunity for growth. ENTJs hold the same high expectations of others, however. They won’t mince their words if they observe anyone working sloppily or shirking their responsibilities.

ENTJs base their working relationships on competence, not emotion. Productivity is extremely important to ENTJs. They’re not interested in activities they judge as trivial or low-value. ENTJs are high achievers who value efficiency. They like working in well-organized and logical work environments. ENTJs prize themselves on their independent thinking and don’t like to be micromanaged.

To get the most from an ENTJ colleague, allow them to lead where possible. Harness their singular drive and determination to push difficult tasks through to completion. Use concise and direct language when communicating. Be sensitive to the fact that building emotional connections is not a motivation for them. Try to shield them from activities they find meaningless.

Best careers for ENTJ

ENTJ personality types are happiest in careers that allow them to lead boldly. Like all the personality types, ENTJs can be found in a range of careers and industries. However, they are likely to be most satisfied in jobs where they can apply their determination and vision to achieve organizational goals. ENTJs gravitate towards leadership positions, whether executive or entrepreneurial. Their clarity of thought and effective communication make legal and analyst careers a good fit. They may enjoy roles in project management and business administration. Top ENTJ career matches include:

Sciences and health

  • Exercise physiologist
  • Forensic scientist
  • Pathologist
  • Nuclear engineer
  • Microbiologist
  • Political scientist
  • Climatologist
  • Statistician
  • Surgeon
  • Chemist
  • Data scientist
  • Economist
  • Psychologist

Creative arts

  • Graphic designer
  • Art director
  • Technical writer
  • Film director
  • Industrial designer


  • Entrepreneur
  • Actuary
  • Business analyst
  • Financial planner
  • Auditor
  • Operations research analyst
  • Management consultant
  • Market research analyst
  • Forensic accountant
  • Sales manager
  • Corporate strategist
  • Business executive
  • Public relations manager
  • Logistician
  • Project manager
  • Process optimization consultant
  • Operations manager

Information technology

  • Computer systems analyst
  • Cyber security analyst
  • Computer programmer
  • Software developer
  • Computer network architect

Education, philosophy, academia, and law

  • Attorney
  • Judge
  • University professor
  • Academic researcher


  • Architect
  • Intelligence specialist
  • Business news analyst
  • Airline pilot
  • Police officer
  • Emergency management director
  • Construction manager

Anthony Bourdain

Anthony Bourdain Personalaity profile - entp

Anthony Michael Bourdain (June 25, 1956 – June 8, 2018) was an American celebrity chef, author, and television personality. He was noted by popular sources as one of the most influential chefs in the world.

Description above from the Wikipedia article Anthony Bourdain, licensed under CC-BY-SA, full list of contributors on Wikipedia.

Extraverted, iNtuitive, Thinking, Perceiving

Engaging, plausible and entertaining the ENTP personality type will be like a breath of fresh air, infusing people and situations with a whole array of new ideas and creative ways of doing things. However, they can become bored and withdraw their energies as they go off in search of the next thrill. Curious, child-like wonder characterises the ENTP, they are flexible, open-minded and love possibilities. They tend to see everything as a challenge, seeing opportunities even in the most difficult of circumstances. ENTPs can at times display impatience with those whom they consider wrong, and may show little restraint in demonstrating this.

Anthony Bourdain Characteristics

The ENTP is constantly on the lookout for opportunities and possibilities, which will feed their strong desire for something new. An ENTP will bring energy, dynamism and creativity to people and projects. They are of the moment and are great at creating momentum for anything new but may become bored after the initial fascination has passed. ENTPs love telling conceptual stories. They will often go off at tangents, weaving apparently contrary pieces of information into a conceptual whole, bringing others in and teaching them in the process. Curious, communicative and challenging, the ENTP loves intellectual debate, is spontaneous, (at times shockingly so), and assertive. They sometimes confuse, even hurt, those who don’t understand or accept the concept of debate or argument simply as a ‘sport.’ ENTPs are as innovative and ingenious at problem-solving and verbal gymnastics, as they are bored with the routine and the detail. They are also far better at the ‘front end’ of projects and may slide out when it becomes tedious. The ENTP is expedient, and can disregard rules, regulations and even obligations and follow their own instincts and urges. The upside of this is the ability to bring whole new perspectives and ways of looking at things. The downside is that they may leave loose ends, and lack follow-through. The ENTP’s independent streak make them excellent at challenging the status quo, self-deception and self-delusion, but this challenging can, at times, become critical or negative if the ENTP becomes bored or feels stultified or threatened.

Curious, communicative and challenging, the ENTP loves intellectual debate, is spontaneous, (at times shockingly so), and assertive.

They have a kaleidoscope type vision, seeing all the disparate parts and then, in one twist, pulling them all together into something often quite wonderful. These characteristics also mean the ENTP can be intellectually promiscuous, enjoying one new experience after another, one new idea after another and constantly looking for bigger and better things. ENTPs are excitable and this excitement is very often contagious. They have ‘the gift of the gab,’ and are at ease in social situations, winning people over and can adapt to any level and any conversation — if it interests them. They are generally confident and possess the ability to look far beyond the present, the mundane, the facts and the horizon. However, their dislike of detail, practicalities and closure, often means that their dreams, aspirations and ideas may come to nothing as they can lack the propensity for follow through and the attention to detail required to ‘complete.’ This does of course make the ENTP very flexible and they have the ability to change tack in a nano-second much to the consternation of those following, who ask ‘but I thought we were going in that direction?’ Radical experimenters, rules are there to be (gently but firmly) bent; they like to get their own way and will happily rationalise, intellectualise and build a sophisticated argument to prove they were right. Of course, next week they may change their minds because ‘right’ for the ENTP is about what is right for ‘now.’ ENTPs are nothing if not unique, having an enquiring mind, real sense of adventure and excitement for new ideas and opportunities. They thrive on a new challenge, the more impossible it seems, the more thrilling it is! But smaller, less significant issues can really get to them and see them becoming scratchy and impatient, and this will communicate itself to anyone in the vicinity

ISFP Personality Type Meaning & Cognitive Functions: The Adventurer

Julia Simkus is a Psychology student at Princeton University. She will graduate in May of 2023 and go on to pursue her doctorate in Clinical Psychology.

Reviewed by

BSc (Hons) Psychology, MRes, PhD, University of Manchester

Saul Mcleod, Ph.D., is a qualified psychology teacher with over 18 years experience of working in further and higher education.

ISFP (Introverted, Sensing, Feeling, Perceiving) is a four-letter acronym representing one of the 16 Myers-Briggs personality types.

People with this personality type tend to be peaceful, easy-going, and down-to-earth individuals.

They have a strong need for personal space and value time alone to recharge. They appreciate deep connections and enjoy spending time with their small circle of close friends and family.

They are highly considerate and accepting, committed to their values and to the people who are important to them.

ISFPs are sometimes referred to as “the Artist,” “the Composer,” or “the Adventurer.” ISFP is the opposite personality type of ENTJ.

ISFP is the fourth most common type in the population. ISFPs make up:

  • 9% of the general population
  • 8% of men
  • 10% of women

Famous ISFPs include Rihanna, Cher, Michael Jackson, Marilyn Monroe, David Beckham, and Harry Potter.

PassionateReserved and quiet
CharmingOverly sensitive
CreativeStrong need for personal space

Table of Contents

Key ISFP Characteristics

ISFPs are true optimists

  • They have a unique ability to find joy in each day and embrace an easygoing and carefree lifestyle.
  • They like to live in the present moment, welcoming spontaneity and adventure. ISFPs are open-minded, free-spirited individuals who enjoy and appreciate all that life has to offer.

ISFPs are pragmatic

  • They like to keep their options open so that they can make the most rational decisions before committing to something.
  • They spend their time immersed in the present moment and are thus very aware of their surrounding environment.
  • ISFPs dislike abstract theories and prefer learning situations that focus on practical information and hands-on experience.

ISFPs are loyal not only to their values and beliefs, but also to their friends and family

  • They have big hearts and are highly accepting of others, looking for ways to be accommodating and establish harmony.
  • They enjoy helping others and are carefully observant of the needs of the people around them.

ISFPs are introverts at heart

  • They are friendly and loving individuals who enjoy the company of their closest friends and family, but they require time alone to recharge their energy after socializing with others.
  • They can be quiet and reserved, but their charming attitude makes them highly likable and popular.
  • They have a vast array of passions and interests and are always interested in exploring new ideas. They have vivid imaginations, strong aesthetic sensibilities, and curious spirits, eager to find the beauty in their surroundings.
  • When ISFPs are referred to as “the Artist,” this does not necessarily mean in the conventional sense (although many ISFPs do have a natural talent for the arts).
  • They are referred to as “the Artist” because they treat life as a canvas for self-expression, acting in ways that reflect their own unique traits and creative talents.

Cognitive Functions

The MBTI suggests that the four different cognitive functions (thinking, feeling, intuition, and sensing) form a hierarchy where each function is either directed outwardly (extroverted) or inwardly (introverted). The order of these functions determines one’s personality.

MBTI test dichotomies

The dominant function is the primary aspect of personality, while the auxiliary and tertiary functions play supportive roles.

Dominant: Introverted Feeling

  • ISFPs have their own system of values and beliefs that drive their judgements and decisions.
  • They approach experiences based upon how they feel about them in the moment and are more interested in personal concerns than objective information.

Auxiliary: Extraverted Sensing

  • People with the ISFP personality type are well attuned to their surroundings and have a strong sense of their immediate environment.
  • They stay focused on the present moment, taking in new information and noticing the sights, smells, and sounds around them.

Tertiary: Introverted Intuition

  • This function of the ISFP personality tends to operate in accordance with their extraverted sensing function.
  • As ISFPs take in information from their surroundings, they can develop “gut feelings,” prompting them to experience epiphanies or revelations about themselves or others.

Inferior: Extraverted Thinking

  • Organization and planning is the weakest element of the ISFP personality.
  • This function is used in certain situations when ISFPs become focused on precise details and want to find the most effective way to do something or express an idea.

ISFP Hobbies, Interests, and Careers

ISFPs enjoy the outdoors, seeking out jobs or hobbies that put them in contact with animals and nature. They are attuned to their physical surroundings so it is important that they can work in an environment that is authentically pleasing.

They enjoy being able to create tangible results so they can observe their efforts and appreciate the fruits of their labor. Because of this, ISFPs often make great gardeners, botanists, or foresters.

ISFPs thrive in careers that are engaging and hands-on, offering personal freedom and autonomy. They make great artists, cosmetologists, musicians, designers, chefs, and photographers, as ISFPs often use work as an outlet to express themselves artistically.

Other popular careers for ISFPs include teachers, social workers, veterinarians, or nurses.

In their free time, ISFPs enjoy activities that allow them to utilize their physical or artistic skills, such as skiing, swimming, dancing, and crafting. ISFPs also enjoy entertaining in intimate groups and exploring art and nature.

ISFP Work Environments

ISFPs prefer harmonious, relaxed environments where they can have the personal freedom to express their creativity and do things their own way.

They do not like to be controlled or micromanaged so a strict environment where there are rules and regulations would not be suitable for an ISFP.

ISFPs are introverted, so they tend to prefer to work independently. But, when working with others, they get along best with colleagues who are flexible, easygoing, and supportive.

ISFPs are hard workers, but they work best in casual, steady environments as opposed to high-pressure, performance-led workplaces.

They have strong values, so it is important they work in an environment that reflects these. ISFPs prefer to work behind the scenes and keep a low profile, so they are typically not found in leadership or managerial roles.

ISFP Personal Relationships

Because ISFPs are introverted individuals, they tend to be reserved and quiet around new friends or people they do not know well. ISFPs are very private and often keep their true feelings to themselves, so they can be difficult to get to know.

They even sometimes will avoid sharing their thoughts and feelings with their romantic partners. But, ISFPs care deeply and can prove to be warm, caring, and loyal partners.

When they are with a partner or a friend they trust, they are able to relax and are more likely to open up. If ISFPs feel appreciated in a relationship, they will reciprocate in any way they can. They are easy-going and uncritical and are able to get along with just about anyone.

ISFPs take wholehearted enjoyment being in the company of their fondest friends, companions, and relatives. They are laid back and spontaneous and love spending time with their loved ones in fun, casual environments.

ISFPs are action-oriented, expressing their care and affection through simple gestures rather than discussing feelings. ISFPs avoid conflict or criticism and prefer harmonious, carfree interactions where they can go with the flow.

Tips for Interacting With ISFPs


As a partner of an ISFP, it is important that you make an effort to understand them and ensure that their voice is heard. When accepted for who they are, ISFPs are more likely to reveal themselves.

ISFPs value actions over words so take the time to show gestures of affection and to appreciate the ISFP’s considerate nature.

ISFPs are vulnerable to criticism so it is necessary to provide them with positive affirmations and emotional support.


ISFPs need to build trust with new friends before they can open up and feel natural. You can make ISFPs feel comfortable by supporting and accepting them for who they are.

ISFPs also value their personal space and freedom so it is also important to recognize and respect this aspect of their personality.


As parents, ISFPs are warm, devoted, and affectionate. They take joy in providing for their children and creating comforting, stable home environments. They are attentive to their children’s practical needs and are dedicated to the care of their loved ones.

They emphasize quality time with their families and value these intimate familial connections.

ISFPs are one of the most relaxed personality types, giving their children the freedom to explore and experience new things.

Take the MBTI (Paper Version)


King, S. P., & Mason, B. A. (2020). Myers‐Briggs Type Indicator. The Wiley Encyclopedia of Personality and Individual Differences: Measurement and Assessment, 315-319.

Myers, I. B. (1962). The Myers-Briggs Type Indicator: Manual (1962).

Myers, K. D., & Kirby, L. D. (2015). Introduction to type: A guide to understanding your results on the MBTI assessment. Sunnyvale, CA: CPP.

Myers-Briggs Type Indicator. (2019, May 28). New World Encyclopedia, Retrieved from

Myers, Isabel B.; Myers, Peter B. (1995) [1980]. Gifts Differing: Understanding Personality Type. Mountain View, CA: Davies-Black Publishing. ISBN 978-0-89106-074-1.

Pittenger, D. J. (2005). Cautionary Comments Regarding the Myers-Briggs Type Indicator. Consulting Psychology Journal: Practice and Research, 57(3), 210-221.

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