What personality type was Grace Kelly?
Wedding dress of Grace Kelly
The wedding dress of the American actress Grace Kelly, worn during her wedding to Prince Rainier III of Monaco on 19 April 1956, is cited as one of the most elegant and best-remembered bridal gowns of all time, and one of the most famous since the mid 20th century.  One author describes the dress as a symbol of «the marital fervor» and a major influence on women who strove to «emulate Kelly’s peau de soie and lace masterpiece».  It was designed by Helen Rose of MGM. The dress consisted of a bodice with an attached under-bodice and skirt support. There were two petticoats, one being an attached foundation.  The wedding attire included a headdress, veil, shoes and the lace- and pearl-encrusted prayer book which she carried down the aisle.  To celebrate the 50th anniversary of the wedding, the Philadelphia Museum of Art (which now owns the dress) displayed it at the museum between 1 April and 21 May 2006 and reported it to have been arguably its most popular exhibit.   
Designs [ edit ]
Kelly’s marriage involved two separate functions, the first, a civil marriage and the second, a religious marriage, held on successive days.   Kelly was assisted on her wedding day by Helen Rose, the wedding dress designer and MGM Studios’ costume designer, as well as Virginia Darcy, Kelly’s MGM hairstylist. Because of the close friendship between the two women, Edith Head assumed that she would be asked to design the wedding dress.  Instead, Helen Rose, a costume designer in the wardrobe department of Metro-Goldwyn-Mayer (MGM), was selected. The dress was a wedding gift to Kelly from the MGM studio.   
Civil ceremony [ edit ]
For the civil ceremony, which was held at the baroque throne room of the palace on 18 April 1956, the dress worn by Kelly was made of taffeta, pale pink in color, covered by cream-colored Alençon lace, designed as a «fitted bodice with high rounded collar and a flared skirt». She wore kid gloves and the Juliet cap. The dress for the legal civil ceremony was designed by Helen Rose, who also designed the gown for the main religious ceremony.    The marriage was legally solemnized, according to the civil code of Monaco, in the presence of 80 guests, which included representatives from 24 nations, and it was performed by Marcel Portanier, Monaco’s Minister of Justice. 
Religious ceremony [ edit ]
The formal religious wedding ceremony of Kelly and Prince Rainier was held on 19 April 1956 at the St. Nicholas Cathedral. The high mass was conducted by the bishop of Monaco. The bride wore an elegant wedding dress. It was a high-necked, long-sleeved gown with a fitted torso and billowing skirt. Grace Kelly worked closely with Helen Rose to come up with the design for the dress, and the two women looked to costumes in the MGM archives for inspiration.  A wedding dress from the MGM film Invitation is particularly similar to Grace’s dress. The dress materials included «twenty-five yards of silk taffeta, one hundred yards of silk net, peau de soie, tulle and 125-year-old Brussels rose point lace.»
The Juliet cap that she wore was bejeweled with seed pearls and orange blossoms. The veil, made of tulle, measured 90 yards. Her other wedding adornments included a small Bible and a bouquet of lilies of the valley.   The material cost and manufacturing cost of the dress was indicated as US$7266.68, excluding the fee of the designer.  In 2005, the Philadelphia Museum of Art discovered that her wedding shoes held a lucky penny, hidden in the right shoe.  
Reception and influence [ edit ]
The «serenely regal» dress was described by the media when the details were disclosed two days before the wedding. While columnist Ilka Chase observed that it was «a charming dress but not a superb one», the general consensus was that the gown was magnificent. Continuing the idea of a rivalry between European and American clothing in Monaco, The New York Times called it «the loveliest example of the American product». In a simile given by another reporter, the bridal dress train of 3 feet (0.91 m) was described as «flowing like a river of whipped cream among the plush red floor.» 
The wedding announcements, which received wide press coverage, also brought in controversial versions [ clarification needed ] of the claims made by many commercial establishments out to exploit her name such as the Max Factor announcement that it would give the cosmetics to match her wedding dress, and hosiery maker Willy’s de Mond announcing that it would give her the pearl-trimmed stockings. All of these claims were denied by Grace. 
On 1 April 2006, The Philadelphia Museum of Art presented an exhibition titled Fit for a Princess: Grace Kelly’s Wedding Dress, that ran until 21 May 2006. The exhibition was in honor of the 50th anniversary of the wedding. 
Some 50 years on, Kelly’s 1956 wedding gown is still influential; it has come in for praise in recent times because the wedding dress that Catherine Middleton wore on 29 April 2011 when she married Prince William was said to have been inspired by it.  V-shaped necklines and long, white laced sleeves are particularly mentioned.  Israeli singer Maya Bouskilla wore a similar copy of the dress for her June 2011 wedding.  It was also the inspiration for Australian model Miranda Kerr’s wedding dress worn to her 2017 marriage with American businessman Evan Spiegel.  In 2021, American socialite Paris Hilton wore an Oscar de la Renta wedding dress inspired by the gown itself on her marriage to Carter Reum. 
Brenda Janowitz’s novel The Grace Kelly Dress (2020) explores the influence of the dress over 60 years.     
See also [ edit ]
- List of individual dresses
- Kelly bag, a handbag popularized and named after Grace Kelly
References [ edit ]
- ^ abc Daniels, Maggie; Loveless, Carrie (2007). Wedding planning & management: consultancy for diverse clients. Butterworth-Heinemann. p. 214. ISBN978-0-7506-8233-6 .
- Shimer, Elizabeth (2004). The wedding gown book: how to find the gown that perfectly fits your body, personality, style, and budget. Quarry Books. p. 17. ISBN978-1-59253-066-3 .
- ^ ab
- Ingraham, Chrys (2008). White weddings: romancing heterosexuality in popular culture. Taylor & Francis. p. 60. ISBN978-0-415-95194-4 .
- ^ abcdefg
- Haugland, H. Kristina (28 May 2006). Grace Kelly: icon of style to royal bride. The Civil Wedding, the Cathedral Wedding and After the Wedding. Philadelphia Museum of Art. ISBN978-0-300-11644-1 . Retrieved 30 April 2011 .
- ^ abcd
- «Grace Kelly and Prince Rainier’s Wedding». Marriage.about.com. Archived from the original on 10 July 2014 . Retrieved 2 May 2011 .
- Jorgensen, Jay (2010). Edith Head: The Fifty-Year Career of Hollywood’s Greatest Costume Designer. Running Press. p. 242. ISBN978-0-7624-3805-1 .
- ^ ab
- «Grace Kelly’s Wedding Dress and Accessories». Philadelphia Museum of Art . Retrieved 2 May 2011 .
- ^ ab
- «Nicole Richie’s Wedding Dress Inspired by Grace Kelly». celebritybrideguide.com. 15 December 2010. Archived from the original on 25 August 2011 . Retrieved 1 May 2011 .
- «10 Things You May Not Know about Grace Kelly’s Wedding Dress». The Royal Post. 19 April 2016. Archived from the original on 22 April 2016 . Retrieved 19 April 2016 .
- Spranklen, Annabelle. «The real story of Grace Kelly’s wedding dress and her lesser-known second bridal outfit». Tatler . Retrieved 7 November 2020 .
- Akins, Joe. «Scientists X-Rayed Grace Kelly’s Wedding Shoes and Saw a Copper Penny». No. 19 July 2019. Amo Mama . Retrieved 7 November 2020 .
- «Museum Offers Rare Look at Grace Kelly’s Wedding Dress April 1–May 21, 2006». Philadelphia Museum of Art. 13 January 2006 . Retrieved 13 March 2010 .
- Wyllie, Alice. «The Royal wedding: Less Diana, more Grace Kelly – the dress of the decade». The Scotsman. UK. Archived from the original on 2 May 2011 . Retrieved 30 April 2011 .
- «Was Kate’s wedding gown inspired by Grace Kelly’s?». Times of India UK. 1 May 2011 . Retrieved 1 May 2011 .
- «מאיה בוסקילה וגרייס קלי תאומות». www.makorrishon.co.il (in Hebrew). 13 June 2011 . Retrieved 27 April 2021 .
- Harwood, Erika (17 July 2017). «Miranda Kerr’s Wedding Gown Was Inspired by This Classic Grace Kelly Look». Vanity Fair . Retrieved 17 July 2017 .
- Davis, Jessica (15 November 2021). «Paris Hilton’s Oscar de la Renta wedding dress was inspired by Grace Kelly». Harper’s Bazaar . Retrieved 1 January 2023 .
- The Grace Kelly Dress. Kirkus Reviews . Retrieved 18 April 2023 .
- «Living Grace Fully — Fiction, Jan. 2020». Library Journal . Retrieved 18 April 2023 .
- «The Grace Kelly Dress» . Library Journal . Retrieved 18 April 2023 .
- Grace Kelly Dress, by Brenda Janowitz. Booklist Online . Retrieved 18 April 2023 .
- Winik, Marion. «LI’s Brenda Janowitz talks about ‘The Grace Kelly Dress’ » . Newsday . Retrieved 18 April 2023 .
- 1950s fashion
- Royal wedding dresses
- Grace Kelly
- 1956 in Monaco
- CS1 Hebrew-language sources (he)
- Articles with short description
- Short description is different from Wikidata
- Use dmy dates from April 2021
- Wikipedia articles needing clarification from May 2013
From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia.
Grace Patricia Kelly (November 12, 1929 – September 14, 1982) was an American actress who, in April 1956, married Rainier III, Prince of Monaco, to become Princess consort of Monaco, styled as Her Serene Highness The Princess of Monaco, and commonly referred to as Princess Grace.
After embarking on an acting career in 1950, at the age of 20, Grace Kelly appeared in New York City theatrical productions as well as in more than forty episodes of live drama productions broadcast during the early 1950s Golden Age of Television. In October 1953, with the release of Mogambo, she became a movie star, a status confirmed in 1954 with a Golden Globe Award and Academy Award nomination as well as leading roles in five films, including The Country Girl, in which she gave a deglamorized, Academy Award-winning performance. She retired from acting at 26 to enter upon her duties in Monaco. She and Prince Rainier had three children: Caroline, Albert, and Stéphanie. She also retained her American roots, maintaining dual US and Monégasque citizenships.
She died on September 14, 1982, when she lost control of her automobile and crashed after suffering a stroke. Her daughter Princess Stéphanie, who was in the car with her, survived the accident.
In June 1999, the American Film Institute ranked her No.13 in their list of top female stars of American cinema.
Extraverted, Sensing, Feeling, Judging
Organised, caring and driven by duty the ESFJ personality type loves to contribute and remain constantly valued, productive, busy and liked. The ESFJ has an action-orientation that they will channel into people, helping and finding practical solutions to people issues and they’ll work hard at making this happen as they are naturally oriented to the needs of those around them. Whilst the ESFJ wants everyone to feel valued, they will also want to feel part of the group themselves — they need to feel included. If someone is hurting, the ESFJ will be the first to respond.
Grace Kelly Characteristics
The ESFJ character shares the same action-orientation of the ESTJ but with a people-based focus, they channel their drive, energy and practical nature into helping people. Driven by a sense of duty they are the cooperative, helpful, sympathetic and personable pragmatists, disliking anything ethereal or woolly as they prefer practical solutions to people issues, and they’ll work hard at making this happen. Unlike the ESFP the ESFJ will want a plan and closure, they do not like loose ends or anything they perceive as sloppy or messy. As with most ‘S’s, they prefer the concrete, inhabiting a world of facts and the ‘here and now.’ Asking an ESFJ to sit and think things through or reflect before ‘doing’ is not easy as their natural propensity is for action; thinking is seen as a passive and useless activity. This means they will jump immediately into ‘sorting it all out,’ when at times if they’d taken a little longer to think they may have come up with a better solution. Organised, caring and driven by the known, routine comes naturally to the ESFJ who fear change as it is drags them out of the place where they feel they are strong and where they can contribute.
ESFJ’s channel their drive, energy and pragmatism into helping people. Driven by a sense of duty they are the cooperative, helpful, sympathetic and personable pragmatists.
Conscientious and caring, the ESFJ will be good at follow-through and making sure the routine is taken care of, but may struggle with anything which appears complex, or which is perceived as not clearly getting the intended result or which causes conflict or disharmony. They value family links, friendships and tend to be slightly sentimental in their approach. Under pressure an ESFJ may become like the ‘controlling parent,’ smothering others in their attempt to provide support and believing that their way is best, becoming sensitive to any perceived criticism. Their values of ‘doing good’ and working hard to make sure things and people are taken care of are at the core of the ESFJ although they may at times try to instil these parental-style values in others, often using parental type words like «should,» «ought» and «must.» These are all said with a good heart and desire to help but the subjective nature of the ESFJ means that they may almost impose what they think is best in their desire for immediate practical help. Being ‘F’s ESFJs may have trouble making more logical and factual decisions so driven are they by their values and wishing to maintain harmony, so their decisions will be primarily driven by the needs of those around them especially those close to them whom they feel a duty to ‘care for.’ Everything for the ESFJ becomes personalised and will be filtered through a more subjective ‘how do I feel about this person’ lens, rather than being objective and logical as a logical approach for the ESFJ is equated with being cold and harsh thus negating being helpful which is at the core of the ESFJ being. After a day interviewing I asked my ESFJ secretary to tell the successful candidate he’d got the job. “Was he the nicest?” she asked, “Did you like him best?» No issue of ‘suitability’ even crossed her mind! They tend also to have more of a ‘gate-post,’ binary mentality, seeing things in very black and white, ‘good or bad,’ ‘right or wrong,’ ‘nice or horrible.’ Being driven by feelings can also mean that the ESFJ gets hurt easily by any perceived or real criticism as everything is taken so personally, so factually and they can dwell on such criticism. Anything which appears complex or which has many shades of grey will be dismissed as it doesn’t conform to the ‘natural laws’ of ‘ESFJ common sense.’ They’ll want to jump in and help, which is why they were, according to their own values, ‘put on this earth.’
Creator / Grace Kelly
Grace Patricia Kelly (November 12, 1929 � September 14, 1982) was an American actress and later, the Princess of Monaco. Born into a prominent family in Philadelphia’s tight-knit Catholic community, Kelly decided to pursue an acting career in New York after getting rejected from exclusive Bennington College. After quickly working her way up through Broadway and early live television, she made her film debut in a small role in the 1951 Film Noir Fourteen Hours.
Kelly’s on-screen acting career lasted only six years, but in that time she established herself as one of the legendary actresses of Hollywood. Her first important role was in the classic Western High Noon in 1952. In 1953, she appeared in Mogambo with Clark Gable. Her next film was Dial M for Murder (1954), a thriller directed by Alfred Hitchcock; she became one of his favorite actors. After that, she worked with Hitchcock again in Rear Window, where she played Jimmy Stewart’s fashion model girlfriend — probably her most famous role. Then she went against her type of glamorous, high-class women, and played the long-suffering wife of an alcoholic actor (Bing Crosby) in The Country Girl. She won the Oscar for that role. She also had a minor part in the war film The Bridges at Toko-Ri. In 1955, she appeared again in a Hitchcock movie, To Catch a Thief with Cary Grant. Her next movie was The Swan in 1956, where she coincidentally portrayed a princess. In the same year, she played her last role in High Society, a musical version of The Philadelphia Story with Bing Crosby and Frank Sinatra.
In 1955, while To Catch a Thief was being filmed in and around Monaco, she met Prince Rainier, and she married him in 1956, becoming Her Serene Highness Princess Grace of Monaco. Their wedding was turned into a huge media circus, and the family continues to be a media fixture to this day (only rivaled by the coverage of The British Royal Family). They had three children together (their only son, Albert, is now the prince of Monaco). She died in a car crash in Monaco in 1982.
She was an icon of style and fashion, and her influence extends to this day.
Associated Tropes with her roles:
- Pretty in Mink: She wore some furs in her films when playing a socialite. And in a film about her, the actress playing her was likely going to wear a fur coat or wrap.
- Proper Lady: Her «typical» on-screen persona, in a nutshell, though she often crosses over intoSpirited Young Lady.
- Unlimited Wardrobe: In Rear Window she had a number of dresses created by Edith Head, which was commented on in her first scene in the film.
- What Could Have Been: She nearly made a return to acting with Marnie, but the people of Monaco protested against the casting of their princess as a mentally unstable thief, and allegedly the Pope himself also expressed his concern about the role.
References in Fiction:
- Mika’s most famous song is called «Grace Kelly». It also includes a quote from The Country Girl.
- She’s mentioned in Billy Joel’s «We Didn’t Start the Fire».
- In The Simpsons episode «Treehouse of Horror II», the Simpsons visit Morocco. Homer remarks: «What a dump! Why would Princess Grace live in a place like this?»
- In Stephen King’s novel Bag of Bones, Mattie Devore is said to look like a young Grace Kelly.
- In The Honeymooners episode «Head of the House», when Ralph tells Norton that they have to cook a meal:
Norton: After all, men are the best chefs, aren’t they? Oscar of the Waldorf, Pierre of the Ritz, Grace Kelly’s father.